Mubram’s destiny and Muallaq’s destiny, what’s the difference?

Mubram's destiny and Muallaq's destiny, what's the difference? – Destiny is a decree that comes from God and no human can avoid it. Islamic teachings recognize the destiny of Mubram and the destiny of Muallaq.

Fate in Islam is also known as qadha and qadar. Faith in the destiny of Allah SWT or qadha and qadar is the sixth pillar of faith.

A little explanation about qadha and qadar has been written in the book Learning Islamic Religious Education and Character by Marlina Hidayati Ansanoor, the book defines qadha as the decree of Allah SWT since the dawn of time (before man was born), while Qqdar is His decree that is or has been happened.

Allah SWT’s destiny of qadha and qadar is divided into two, namely the destiny of mubram and the destiny of muallaq. What’s the meaning?

About Mubram’s Fate

Still taken from the same source, mubaram destiny is the destiny that Allah SWT has determined definitely and fundamentally for every creature.

This is in accordance with the statement of Allah SWT in Surah An-Nisa verse 78 which reads:

Wherever you are, death will overtake you, even if you are in towers built up. And if good befalls them, they say, “This is from God.” And if any good befalls them, they say, “This is from God.” If any evil befalls them, they will say, “This is from you.” Say, “Everyone is from God.” What is the matter with these people? They hardly understand anything. With it

Meaning: “Wherever you are, death will come to you, even if you are in a strong fortress. If they (the hypocrites) get a good thing, they say, “This is from God” and if something bad happens to them, they say, “This is from you (Prophet Muhammad).” Say, “Everything (comes) from the side of God.” Why do those people hardly understand the conversation?”

Example of Mubram’s Destiny

Quoted from the book Knowing the Pillars of Faith and Islam written by A. Miftahul Basar, the following are examples of fate:

  • Human gender
  • Human death
  • The apocalypse
  • Mate
  • Human birth

About Fateh Muallaq

Destiny muallaq is defined as destiny whose implementation is greatly influenced by human efforts. However, in its implementation, this fate is done in accordance with the law of cause and effect (sunatullah) that has been established by Allah SWT for life on this earth.

In other words, the destiny of the muallaq can change according to a person’s efforts and prayers. This is in accordance with the words of Allah SWT in surah Ar-Ra’ad verse 11 which reads:

He has obstacles before him and behind him who protect him from the command of God. Indeed, God does not change the condition of a people until they change what is in themselves. And when God intends evil for a people, there is no turning it back, and they have no protector besides Him.

Meaning: “For him (man) there are (angels) who accompany him alternately from in front and behind him who take care of him at the command of God. Verily, God does not change the condition of a people until they change what is in themselves. When God wills evil against a people, none can reject it, and there is never a protector for them but Him.”

Example of Muallaq’s Destiny

1. Health

Humans can be healthy or sick depending on what they do. If he exercises diligently, eats nutritious food and maintains cleanliness, he will always be healthy. Vice versa.

2. Intelligence

Human intelligence is one example of muallaq destiny, because human intelligence can be cultivated. If he does not want to learn and seek knowledge, then ignorance will always accompany him.

3. Wealth

Although there are people who are born rich because of their parents, but wealth is not a destiny that cannot be changed. Because, if the person works hard to find sustenance, then Allah SWT will give him a commensurate result.

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